- Wildlife habitat benefits resulting from covers on contract acreage
- Water quality benefits from reduced erosion, runoff and leaching
- On-farm benefits from reduced erosion
- Benefits that will likely endure beyond the contract period
- Air quality benefits from reduced wind erosion
2. Water quality benefits are determined by whether or not the property is in a designated surface water quality impairment zone, the type of soil, potential soil erosion, and distance to major waterbodies.
3. Not discussed.
4. Enduring benefits are determined subjectively based on the probability that conservation will continue beyond the CRP contract. For example, trees would be expected to live longer than the 10-year CRP contract.
5. Air quality benefits are determined by calculating potential wind erosion (based on average wind speed and soil texture), whether the property is in a air quality nonattainment area, and the potential to sequester carbon in the soil by planting trees, shrubs, or grass.
For more information, see the CRP Farm Science Administration website at USDA.gov.
....USDA also periodically reviews the effectiveness of their programs using the Conservation Effects Assessment Project. Data and papers can be found here.