Tuesday, December 22, 2015

A New Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index to Map Global Drought

Standardized precipitation–evapotranspiration index (SPEI) is precipitation minus potential evapotranspiration (Vicente-Serrano et al 2010).  It is distinguished from other drought indices because it accounts for temperature through modelled evapotranspiration. This website maps global drought:
Drought in the US 2010-2011.

SPEI has recently been used to predict pine mortality in SW forests.  When the SPEI is below -1.68 for at least 11 months, pinyon and ponderosa pines cannot grow and mortality soon follows. (Kolb, T.E., 2015. A new drought tipping point for conifer mortality.Environmental Research Letters10(3), p.031002.)

Long-term drought graph for NM.

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